The successor India’s Moon mission: Chandaryaan-3 might get launched in early 2021. The announcement came from the Minister of State for the Department of Space, Jitendra Singh on 6th September 2020. It will be the third lunar mission, which was scheduled for Q4 of 2020, but due to ongoing lockdown and pandemic, many preparations of ISRO for Chandrayaan-3 got stalled. Previously in June also, the Indian Space Research Organization pushed the Gaganyaan mission to a later date.
We must remind you that it will be the second attempt after the Chandrayaan-2 mission got failed as we lost connection with the lander because of the hard landing, which might have damaged the machine. But this time, the space agency is aiming to achieve the soft landing on the South Pole of the lunar surface. And also, it is the least explored area to date.
Chandrayaan-3 will not carry an orbiter – rather, it will include a rover and a lander to analyze and study the lunar surface. The earlier announcements made by ISRO this year revealed that they are going to utilize Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter to communicate with the rover and lander of Chandrayaan-3 during the moon mission.
However, based on the reports, the researchers and scientists at ISRO will be doing some modifications after analyzing the deformities that occurred during the previous mission. Well, if not all of them, ISRO will strengthen the legs of the lander to improve its survival chances in case another crash occurs.
Last year on September 7, Vikram Lander crash-landed on the moon surface while attempting a soft-landing. According to ISRO, the lander’s trajectory started to deviate from its original route at about 2.1 KM above the lunar surface. As a result, all communications were lost with the lander and the agency failed to re-establish the contact.
Despite that, the mission achieved the success rate of 95% as all the instruments onboard the orbiter are functioning well till now and are sending tones of data to ISRO. It helped scientists to analyze and study the lunar topography, composition, atmosphere, and other details.
Almost a decade ago, Chandrayaan-1 provided strong evidence related to the presence of ice water on the poles that are devoid of sunlight. And in the recent data sent by Orbite shows the presence of hematite or rust on the lunar surface. Well, whatever it is, ISRO scientists are continuing to rigorously work on the upcoming mission Gaganyaan – it will be the first-ever human space mission of India. Indian Astronauts are persuing their space-mission training in Russia right now. Also, there will be plenty of uncrewed precursor missions that will take off next year.